LEAPS Project Publications

The LEAPS Report and Summaries

The LEAPS Report
The Learning and Educational Achievement in Punjab Schools (LEAPS) Report provides an overview of the education sector based on the 2003 LEAPS Survey of schools, teachers, children, and households throughout rural Punjab.

LEAPS Report Executive Summary
A twenty-seven page summary of key findings from the LEAPS Report. (Also included in the complete LEAPS Report)


LEAPS Summary Brochure

A four page description of the LEAPS report and summary of key findings.



Presentations on the LEAPS Report given at the Lahore LEAPS Launch

LEAPS Summary Presentation
Tara Vishwanath's summary presentation given at the Lahore launch of the LEAPS Report.

LEAPS Teacher Presentation

Tahir Andrabi's presentation on teachers in Punjab schools given at the Lahore launch of the LEAPS Report.

LEAPS Household Presentation

Jishnu Das' presentation on households and household education decision making in Punjab given at the Lahore launch of the LEAPS Report.

LEAPS School Presentation
Asim Khwaja's presentation on government and private schools in rural Punjab given at the Lahore launch of the LEAPS Report.

LEAPS Child Learning Presentation
Jishnu Das' presentation on child learning in Punjab schools given at the Lahore launch of the LEAPS Report.


LEAPS Technical Documentation and Questionnaires

LEAPS Metadata - 2003
Whether one is in favor of private education or not, it is here to stay and there is a critical need to understand this new environment. Unfortunately, little is known about the private sector and what its growth implies for the provision of education.

LEAPS Survey Questionnaires -- Year 1
All questionnaires used in the first year of the LEAPS survey.

LEAPS Survey Questionnaires -- Year 2

All questionnaires used in the second year of the LEAPS survey.

LEAPS Survey Questionnaires -- Year 3

All questionnaires used in the third year of the LEAPS survey.

LEAPS Survey Questionnaires -- Year 4
All questionnaires used in the fourth year of the LEAPS survey.

LEAPS Test Feasibility Report
Preliminary report on feasibility of large scale study on the quality of education in rural Punjab.


LEAPS Academic Publications

Here Today, Gone Tomorrow? Examining the Extent and Implications of Low Persistence in Child Learning
The extent, implications, and interpretation of low persistence in child learning.

Students Today, Teachers Tomorrow? Identifying constraints on Private Schools
This paper focuses on the availability of low cost, female, government educated teachers and the resulting ability of private schools to offer affordable education.

A Dime a Day: The Possibilities and Limits of Private Schooling in Pakistan
Using new data, we document the phenomenal rise of the private sector in Pakistan and show that an increasing segment of children enrolled in private schools are from rural areas and from middle-class and poorer families. [Forthcoming, Comparative Education Review, August 2008]

Learning Levels and Gaps in Pakistan
Absolute learning is low compared to curricular standards and international norms, and the largest gaps are between good and bad schools.

Religious School Enrollment in Pakistan: A Look at the Data
Bold assertions have been made in policy reports and popular articles on the high and increasing enrollment in Pakistani religious schools, commonly known as madrassas. [Published in Comparative Education Review. Winner of the George Bereday Award for Outstanding Paper of the Year.]

Madrassa Metrics: The Statistics and Rhetoric of Religious Enrollment in Pakistan
Although consensus on deep determinants of terrorism still eludes us, Islamic religious schools are widely cited as an important contributor to extremism. This paper takes a critical look at data on school enrollment in Pakistan to discover whether parents are increasingly sending the vast majority of their children to madrassas. Forthcoming in Beyond Crisis: A Critical Second Look at Pakistan, Routledge.

The Rise of Private Schooling in Pakistan: Catering to the Urban Elite or Educating the Rural Poor?
Contrary to expectations, private schools are not an urban elite phenomenon. Not only are they prevalent in rural areas but also are affordable to middle and even low income groups. [old version of "A Dime a Day" paper with additional graphs]

  • Mar 2010 Private Schools, Earthquakes: What we know from Pakistan (with insights for Haiti)
    Presented at the 54th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society in Chicago, IL on March 3rd 2010
  • Nov 2009 The LEAPS Report - Executive Summary
    A thirty page summary of key findings from the LEAPS Report. (Also included in the complete LEAPS Report)
  • Nov 2009 The LEAPS Report
    The Learning and Educational Achievement in Punjab Schools (LEAPS) Report provides an overview of the education sector based on the 2003 LEAPS Survey of schools, teachers, children, and households throughout rural Punjab.
  • Oct 2009 Do Value-Added Estimates Add Value?
    World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5066 - Tahir Andrabi (Pomona College); Jishnu Das (World Bank); Asim Ijaz Khwaja (Harvard University); Tristan Zajonc (Harvard University)
  • Apr 2008 LEAPS Summary Brochure
    A four page description of the LEAPS report and summary of key findings.
  • Apr 2008 LEAPS Project Overview
    Overview of the aims and objectives of the LEAPS project.

Recent Publications

  • Mar 2010 Private Schools, Earthquakes: What we know from Pakistan (with insights for Haiti)
    Presented at the 54th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society in Chicago, IL on March 3rd 2010
  • Nov 2009 The LEAPS Report - Executive Summary
    A thirty page summary of key findings from the LEAPS Report. (Also included in the complete LEAPS Report)
  • Nov 2009 The LEAPS Report
    The Learning and Educational Achievement in Punjab Schools (LEAPS) Report provides an overview of the education sector based on the 2003 LEAPS Survey of schools, teachers, children, and households throughout rural Punjab.
  • Oct 2009 Do Value-Added Estimates Add Value?
    World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5066 - Tahir Andrabi (Pomona College); Jishnu Das (World Bank); Asim Ijaz Khwaja (Harvard University); Tristan Zajonc (Harvard University)

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